Aims Impact of weight loss on cardiac structure has not been extensively investigated in large, multi-ethnic, community-based populations. We investigated the longitudinal impact of weight loss on cardiac structure by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). Methods and results 2351 participants in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) who underwent CMR at Exam 1 (2002) and Exam 5 (2011) were included. Primary outcomes were percentage change in LV mass (indexed to height) and LV mass-to-volume ratio (concentric LV remodelling). Multivariable linear regression was used to measure the association between outcomes and weight change. At median 9.4 years' follow-up, 639 individuals (27%) experienced >5% weight loss (median 6.9 kg) and 511 (22%) had >5% weight gain (median 6.4 kg). A >5% weight gain was associated with the greatest increase in LV mass (+5.4% median) and LV mass-to-volume ratio (+12.2% median). Adjusting for medications, hypertension/diabetes (and change in these risk factors), age, race and other risk factors, every 5% weight loss was associated with a 1.3% decrease in height-indexed LV mass and 1.3% decrease in LV mass-to-volume ratio (p<0.0001). There was no effect modification/confounding by age, race, gender or baseline BMI. Change in LV mass-to-volume ratio was roughly linear, specifically for modest degrees of weight loss ('10% to +10%). Change in LV mass was linear with weight loss, suggesting no threshold of weight loss is needed for LV mass regression. Conclusions In a large multi-ethnic population, weight loss is associated with beneficial effects on cardiac structure, independent of age, race, gender, BMI and obesity-related cardiometabolic risk. There is no threshold of weight loss required to produce these effects.
- cardiac magnetic resonance
- weight loss
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine