Wall shear stress differentially affects NO level in arterioles for volume expanders and Hb-based O2 carriers

Mahendra Kavdia, Aleksander S. Popel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

62 Scopus citations


The endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) is one of the mediators of smooth muscle (SM) relaxation. The release of NO by endothelium depends on the wall shear stress (WSS) to which endothelium is exposed. During hemodilution or isovolemic exchange transfusion with hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) or volume expanders, the systemic hematocrit, blood viscosity, and blood flow rate are affected that would change WSS at endothelium. The effect of WSS-dependent NO release on SM NO availability has not been determined by direct measurements. We have formulated a mathematical model that is capable of predicting NO concentration in and around arteriolar vessels. The model predicts that the normal physiological SM NO concentration is ∼100 nM at a physiological WSS of 24 dyn/cm2 and the NO concentration is linearly dependent on WSS. With volume expanders, the SM NO concentration increases significantly and the levels of SM NO are significantly higher with increase in WSS. The SM NO decreases several-fold even for 5 μM luminal HBOC. For HBOCs, the NO levels are not restored to normal physiological level even with a significant increase in WSS (>48 dyn/cm2). These predictions are consistent with the results of animal studies of vascular tone following administration of HBOCs and volume expanders.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalMicrovascular Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jul 2003


  • Blood substitute
  • Hemodilution
  • Mathematical model
  • Microcirculation
  • Nitric oxide
  • Shear stress
  • Vasodilation
  • Volume resuscitation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Cell Biology


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