Background: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare localized or systemic disease characterized by proliferation of myeloid-derived dendritic cells. Vulvar lesions might be the herald symptom of LCH and might mimic other cutaneous lesions. Prognosis varies widely on the basis of the extent and spread of disease. Case: An 8-year-old girl with a 4-month history of vulvar lesions resistant to topical steroids was referred by her pediatrician. Vulvar biopsy was diagnostic for LCH. Imaging studies revealed a left hip lesion consistent with LCH. The patient was subsequently treated for multisystem LCH with vinblastine and prednisone. Summary and Conclusion: Although rare, LCH might be diagnosed by gynecologic providers and should be included in the differential diagnosis of genital lesions. We recommend having a low threshold for performing biopsy of vulvar lesions.
- Langerhans cell histiocytosis
- Vulvar lesion
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
- Obstetrics and Gynecology