Virtual Clinical Simulation: The State of the Science

Cynthia Foronda, Lyndon Godsall, Jo Ann Trybulski

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Background: The Institute of Medicine Report The Future of Nursing: Leading Change, Advancing Health provides direction for educators to use simulation and Web-based learning. Virtual clinical simulation (VCS) is an innovative approach offering Web-based simulations. The aim of this article is to provide an integrative review of the literature and explore the state of the science of VCS in nursing. Method: The Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature database and Medline were explored, and 86 articles were selected as relevant and reviewed. Results: Only 3 studies were located that formally examined the use of VCS in nursing. Conclusion: VCS is an emerging educational venue that warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)e279-e286
JournalClinical Simulation in Nursing
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • 3D gaming
  • Clinical
  • Education
  • Nursing
  • Online
  • Simulation
  • Virtual
  • Web-based

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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