Viability and recovery of peripheral blood mononuclear cells cryopreserved for up to 12 years in a multicenter study

Cynthia A. Kleeberger, Robert H. Lyles, Joseph B. Margolick, Charles R. Rinaldo, John P. Phair, Janis V. Giorgi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

75 Scopus citations


The Multicenter AIDS Cohort Study (MACS), an ongoing prospective study of the natural history of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), has stored biologic specimens, including peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC), from 5,622 participants for up to 12 years. The purpose of the present analysis was to evaluate the quality of the PBMC in the MACS repository in order to test the validity and feasibility of nested retrospective studies and to guide the planning of future repositories. PBMC were collected from MACS participants at four centers at 6-month intervals from 1984 to 1995, cryopreserved, and transported to a central repository for storage. A total of 596 of these specimens were subsequently tested for viability and used to evaluate cell function, to conduct immunophenotype analysis, or to isolate HIV. Simple linear regression models were applied to evaluate trends in recovery and viability over time and by center. Results indicated that from a nominal 107 cells cryopreserved per vial at all four centers, the median number of viable cells recovered was at least 5 x 106 (50% of the number stored) and the median viability was at least 90%. Results suggested that cryopreserved cells can be stored for at least 12 years with no general tendency toward cell loss over time. Furthermore, there were no statistically significant changes in the percent cell viability according to the length of time frozen, regardless of HIV serostatus or the level of CD4+ lymphocytes. Storing 107 PBMC per vial yields sufficient viable cells for phenotypic and/or functional analysis. Results from the MACS provide the basis for the planning of future repositories for use by investigators with similar research goals.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)14-19
Number of pages6
JournalClinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Microbiology (medical)


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