Venular endothelium-derived NO can affect paired arteriole: A computational model

Mahendra Kavdia, Aleksander S. Popel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Venular endothelial cells can release nitric oxide (NO) in response to intraluminal flow both in isolated venules and in vivo. Experimental studies suggest that venular endothelium-released NO causes dilation of the adjacent paired arteriole. In the vascular wall, NO stimulates its target hemoprotein, soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC), which relaxes smooth muscle cells. In this study, a computational model of NO transport for an arteriole and venule pair was developed to determine the importance of the venular endothelium-released NO and its transport to the adjacent arteriole in the tissue. The model predicts that the tissue NO levels are affected within a wide range of parameters, including NO-red blood cell reaction rate and NO production rate in the arteriole and venule. The results predict that changes in the venular NO production affected not only venular endothelial and smooth muscle NO concentration but also endothelial and smooth muscle NO concentration in the adjacent arteriole. This suggests that the anatomy of microvascular tissue can permit the transport of NO from arteriolar to venular side, and vice versa, and may provide a mechanism for dilation of proximal arterioles by venules. These results will have significant implications for our understanding of tissue NO levels in both physiological and pathophysiological conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)H716-H723
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2006


  • Mathematical model
  • Microcirculation
  • Nitric oxide
  • Shear stress
  • Vasodilation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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