Ventricular Intramyocardial Navigation for Tachycardia Ablation Guided by Electrograms (VINTAGE): Deep Ablation in Inaccessible Targets

Rim N. Halaby, Christopher G. Bruce, Aravindan Kolandaivelu, Neal K. Bhatia, Toby Rogers, Jaffar M. Khan, D. Korel Yildirim, Andi E. Jaimes, Kendall O'Brien, Vasilis C. Babaliaros, Adam B. Greenbaum, Robert J. Lederman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Deep intramural ventricular tachycardia substrate targets are difficult to access, map, and ablate from endocardial and epicardial surfaces, resulting in high recurrence rates. Objectives: In this study, the authors introduce a novel approach called ventricular intramyocardial navigation for tachycardia ablation guided by electrograms (VINTAGE) to access and ablate anatomically challenging ventricular tachycardia from within the myocardium. Methods: Guidewire/microcatheter combinations were navigated deep throughout the extravascular myocardium, accessed directly from the right ventricle cavity, in Yorkshire swine (6 naive, 1 infarcted). Devices were steered to various intramyocardial targets including the left ventricle summit, guided by fluoroscopy, unipolar electrograms, and/or electroanatomic mapping. Radiofrequency ablations were performed to characterize ablation parameters and reproducibility. Intramyocardial saline irrigation began 1 minute before ablation and continued throughout. Lesions were analyzed on cardiac magnetic resonance and necropsy. Results: VINTAGE was feasible in all animals within naive and infarcted myocardium. Forty-three lesions were created, using various guidewires and power settings. Forty-one (95%) lesions were detected on cardiac magnetic resonance and 38 (88%) on necropsy; all undetected lesions resulted from intentionally subtherapeutic ablation energy (10 W). Larger-diameter guidewires yielded larger size lesions. Lesion volumes on necropsy were significantly larger at 20 W than 10 W (178 mm3 [Q1-Q3: 104-382 mm3] vs 49 mm3 [Q1-Q3: 35-93 mm3]; P = 0.02). Higher power (30 W) did not create larger lesions. Median impedance dropped with preablation irrigation by 12 Ω (Q1-Q3: 8-17 Ω), followed by a further 15-Ω (Q1-Q3: 11-19 Ω) drop during ablation. Intramyocardial navigation, ablation, and irrigation were not associated with any complications. Conclusions: VINTAGE was safe and effective at creating intramural ablation lesions in targets traditionally considered inaccessible from the endocardium and epicardium, both naive and infarcted. Intramyocardial guidewire irrigation and ablation at 20 W creates reproducibly large intramural lesions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)814-825
Number of pages12
JournalJACC: Clinical Electrophysiology
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2024


  • arrhythmia
  • cardiac catheterization
  • cardiac electrophysiologic techniques
  • catheter ablation
  • electrocardiographic radial depth navigation
  • radiofrequency therapy
  • ventricular/diagnosis/physiopathology/therapy tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)


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