Vascularized and Innervated Skeletal Muscle Tissue Engineering

Jordana Gilbert-Honick, Warren Grayson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Volumetric muscle loss (VML) is a devastating loss of muscle tissue that overwhelms the native regenerative properties of skeletal muscle and results in lifelong functional deficits. There are currently no treatments for VML that fully recover the lost muscle tissue and function. Tissue engineering presents a promising solution for VML treatment and significant research has been performed using tissue engineered muscle constructs in preclinical models of VML with a broad range of defect locations and sizes, tissue engineered construct characteristics, and outcome measures. Due to the complex vascular and neural anatomy within skeletal muscle, regeneration of functional vasculature and nerves is vital for muscle recovery following VML injuries. This review aims to summarize the current state of the field of skeletal muscle tissue engineering using 3D constructs for VML treatment with a focus on studies that have promoted vascular and neural regeneration within the muscle tissue post-VML.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1900626
JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2020


  • neuromuscular junctions
  • skeletal muscle regeneration
  • tissue engineering
  • vascularization
  • volumetric muscle loss

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Pharmaceutical Science


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