Validation of the Maryland Aggregate Pathology Index (MAPI), a pre-implantation scoring system that predicts graft outcome

Benjamin Philosophe, Gregory E. Malat, Sunganthi Soundararajan, Rolf N. Barth, Wana Manitpisikul, Nikita S. Wilson, Karthik Ranganna, Cinthia B. Drachenberg, John C. Papadimitriou, Brian P. Neuman, Raghava B. Munivenkatappa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Predicting graft outcome after renal transplantation based on donor histological features has remained elusive and is subject to institutional variability. We have shown in a retrospective study that the Maryland Aggregate Pathology Index score reliably predicts graft outcome. We sought to validate the scoring system in our center and a second transplant center. We analyzed 140 deceased donor kidneys pre-implantation biopsies from center 1 and 65 from center 2. The patients had a mean follow-up of 695 ± 424 and 656 ± 305 d respectively. Although MAPI scores were similar, there were significant differences in donor and recipient parameters between both centers. Despite this, MAPI was predictive of graft outcome for both centers by Cox univariate, multivariate and time dependent ROC analysis. For center 1 and 2, three yr graft survival within each MAPI group was statistically equivalent. The three-yr graft survival at center 1 for low, intermediate, and high MAPI groups were 84.3%, 56.5%, and 50.0%, respectively, p ≤ 0.0001, and at center 2 were 83.3%, 33.3%, and 33.3%, p = 0.006. MAPI, which is based on a pre-implantation biopsy, demonstrated similar predictive and outcome results from both centers. As expanded criteria donors (ECD) criteria have redefined marginal kidneys, MAPI has the potential to further define ECD kidneys, increase utilization, and ultimately improve outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-905
Number of pages9
JournalClinical Transplantation
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2014


  • Deceased donor kidneys
  • Kidney scoring
  • Marginal donors
  • Suboptimal organs

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation


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