Validation of geriatric depression scale-5 scores among sedentary older adults

David X. Marquez, Edward McAuley, Robert W. Motl, Steriani Elavsky, James F. Konopack, Gerald J. Jerome, Arthur F. Kramer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


This study examined the validity of Geriatric Depression Scale-5 (GDS-5) scores among older sedentary adults based on its structural properties and relationship with external criteria. Participants from two samples (Ns = 185 and 93; M ages = 66 and 67 years) completed baseline assessments as part of randomized controlled exercise trials. Confirmatory factor analysis supported a single-factor model for the GDS-5, the GDS-5 exhibited adequate sensitivity and specificity for screening depression, and scores from the 30 and 5 item GDS were strongly related. GDS-5 scores were strongly related with happiness and morale and moderatelyrelatedwithsatisfactionwithlife,loneliness,optimism,pessimism, perceived stress, negative health symptoms, and self-esteem. As expected, GDS-5 scores were weakly related with self-efficacy, cardiorespiratory fitness, and functional fitness. Support is provided for the validity of GDS-5 scores as a measure of depression among older sedentary adults participating in exercise studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)667-675
Number of pages9
JournalEducational and Psychological Measurement
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2006


  • Aging
  • Construct validation
  • Depression
  • Geriatric Depression Scale
  • Measurement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics (miscellaneous)
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Applied Psychology
  • Applied Mathematics


Dive into the research topics of 'Validation of geriatric depression scale-5 scores among sedentary older adults'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this