Utility of the Leyton Obsessional Inventory to distinguish OCD and OCPD

David Wellen, Jack Samuels, O. Joseph Bienvenu, Marco Grados, Bernadette Cullen, Mark Riddle, Kung Yee Liang, Gerald Nestadt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


The Leyton Obsessional Inventory (LOI) is a self-report questionnaire that assesses obsessional symptoms. The ability of the LOI to distinguish between obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and obsessive-compulsive personality disorder (OCPD) has not been adequately addressed. Our purpose is to identify dimensions of obsessional symptoms from the LOI and determine how well they distinguish between OCD and OCPD. The LOI was completed by 488 participants diagnosed by trained clinicians. Factor analysis was performed on responses to the interference items of the LOI. The relationship between the factors, OCD and OCPD was evaluated using logistic regression. Five factors underlying the LOI were identified: (I) obsessional ruminations and compulsions, (II) ordering and arranging, (III) organizing activities, (IV) contamination, and (V) parsimony. Factors I, III, and IV were strongly associated with OCD. Only Factor II was associated with OCPD. Factor IV was negatively associated with obsessive-compulsive personality traits. LOI factors are useful in discriminating between OCD and OCPD. Obsessional ruminations and compulsions, organizing activities, and contamination fears may indicate OCD, and ordering and arranging symptoms may indicate OCPD rather than OCD. Parsimony may indicate neither disorder, and contamination, the absence of OCPD traits compared with the other LOI factors. These findings may contribute to effective diagnosis and treatment by allowing the LOI to screen for OCD and OCPD in a population exhibiting obsessional symptoms and traits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)301-306
Number of pages6
JournalDepression and anxiety
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Adults
  • Compulsions
  • Factor analysis
  • Obsessions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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