Based on the results of randomized control trials, screening for lung cancer using computed tomography (CT) is now widely recommended. However, adherence to screening remains an issue outside the clinical trial setting. This study examines the utility of biomarker-based risk assessment on uptake and subsequent adherence in a community screening study. In a single arm pilot study, current or former smokers > 50 years old with 20 + pack year history were recruited following local advertising. One hundred and fifty seven participants volunteered to participate in the study that offered an optional gene-based lung cancer risk assessment followed by low-dose CT according to a standardised screening protocol. All 157 volunteers who attended visit 1 underwent the gene-based risk assessment comprising of a clinical questionnaire and buccal swab. Of this group, 154 subsequently attended for CT screening (98%) and were followed prospectively for a median of 2.7 years. A participant's adherence to screening was influenced by their baseline lung cancer risk category, with overall adherence in those with a positive scan being significantly greater in the “very high” risk group compared to “moderate” and “high” risk categories (71% vs 52%, Odds ratio = 2.27, 95% confidence interval of 1.02–5.05, P = 0.047). Those in the “moderate” risk group were not different to those in the “high” risk group (52% and 52%, P > 0.05). In this proof-of-concept study, personalised gene-based lung cancer risk assessment was well accepted, associated with a 98% uptake for screening and increased adherence for those in the highest risk group.
- CT screening
- Lung cancer
- Risk prediction
- Single nucleotide polymorphism
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Informatics
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health