Using the american heart associations national registry of cardiopulmonary resuscitation for performance improvement

Elizabeth A. Hunt, Mary E. Mancini, Melinda Smyth, Tanya Lane Truitt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations


Background: Data suggest that the overall quality of inhos-pital resuscitation is suboptimal and contributes to poor patient outcomes. In 2000 the American Heart Association created the National Registry of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (NRCPR) as an evidence-based hospital safety program. Participating hospitals voluntarily join the registry and pay an annual fee that includes data support and report generation. The primary purpose of NRCPR is to support local facility efforts in practice management and performance improvement (PI). Chain of Survival: The Chain of Survival illustrates the series of critical, interdependent actions necessary to maximize patient outcome from sudden cardiac arrest-early access to the emergency response system, early cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), early defibrillation, and early advanced cardiovascular care. NRCPR specifically addresses each link and helps hospitals develop, implement, and monitor tbeir resuscitation processes in a manner that builds on available evidence. Participation in NRCPR: On enrollment into NRCPR, each hospital identifies an onsite coordinator who is instructed on a standardized method for abstracting data from patient charts and how to enter data into the NRCPR database. The NRCPR database is managed centrally and provides participating organizations with ongoing, quarterly, and annual reports related to their resuscitation events. Discussion: NRCPR is used as both a local PI tool as well as a source of data that scientists are analyzing to further the understanding of inhospital resuscitation processes and outcomes. Over time, researchers have recognized the need to refine the Chain of Survival to reflect the unique aspects of inhospital resuscitation. A rapid response system provides a new link at the beginning, and postresuscitation care provides a new link at the end of the Chain of Survival.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13-20
Number of pages8
JournalJoint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management


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