Useful Field of View and Other Neurocognitive Indicators of Crash Risk in Older Adults

Kathryn T. Goode, Karlene K. Ball, Michael Sloane, Daniel L. Roenker, David L. Roth, Renee S. Myers, Cynthia Owsley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Scopus citations


Older adults represent a rapidly growing segment of the driving population. Although most older drivers are safe, research has shown that this group has more crashes per mile driven than most other age groups. The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the utility of a set of commonly used neuropsychological/cognitive tests in comparison to a newer measure of visual attention (Useful Field of View; UFOV®) in predicting state-recorded, at-fault crashes over the previous five years in a group of older adult drivers. Participants (N = 239) completed tests of mental status, visual attention, memory, and UFOV®. Results show that among all cognitive tests administered, UFOV® was most strongly related to crash involvement, with high levels of sensitivity (86.3%) and specificity (84.3%) at the standard cutoff score of 40% reduction. Practical implications for the assessment of crash risk are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-440
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings
Issue number4
StatePublished - 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Driving
  • Neuropsychology
  • Older adults
  • Visual attention

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology


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