U.S. seafood consumption

Gina L. Shamshak, James L. Anderson, Frank Asche, Taryn Garlock, David C. Love

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


U.S. seafood consumption has changed dramatically in recent decades and has become increasingly dominated by the consumption of a limited number of species that are primarily imported and predominantly sourced from aquaculture. In getting to this point, the United States has been, and still is, at the forefront of some of the most important trends in global seafood markets. Hence, discussing the factors influencing U.S. seafood consumption patterns is an interesting and informative endeavor and will most likely also have strong predictive power for the continued development of seafood markets in the United States. In this article, we will discuss the transitions in the U.S. seafood market, primarily focusing on the period from 1990 to the present, highlighting the main factors that facilitated this development. This article provides an overview of U.S. landings, aquaculture production, exports, and imports and also explores contributing trends in global export and import markets. This will be followed by a discussion of U.S. per capita consumption patterns and an examination of the consolidation of species consumed over time. Finally, implications for future trends in seafood consumption and production are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)715-727
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of the World Aquaculture Society
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2019


  • U.S. seafood market
  • aquaculture production
  • exports
  • global seafood markets
  • imports
  • per capita consumption
  • wild fisheries

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aquatic Science
  • Agronomy and Crop Science


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