Urological outcomes in the omphalocele exstrophy imperforate anus spinal defects (OEIS) complex: Experience with 80 patients

Timothy M. Phillips, Amirali H. Salmasi, Andrew Stec, Thomas E. Novak, John P. Gearhart, Ranjiv I. Mathews

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Objective: To review the urological management and outcomes of patients with the OEIS (omphalocele, exstrophy of the bladder, imperforate anus, spinal abnormalities) complex. Patients and methods: 80 patients with the OEIS complex managed at a single institution between 1974 and 2009 were reviewed. Results: 37 had initial closure at our institution (2 failed-5%); 22 with successful closure were referred for incontinence; 15 failed closure at an outside institution (2 of whom are awaiting closure); 6 are skin-covered variants. Osteotomy was performed in 39/43 (91%) with successful closure versus 8/17 (47%) who failed initial bladder closure. 40 were dry (56%), but most needed additional urinary reconstruction: 2 had small bowel neobladders; 32 (84%) had augmentation cystoplasty; 30 (79%) had a continent catheterizable channel; only 9 (24%) were continent with an intact urethra. Bladder neck reconstruction allowed dryness in 7 (18%). 45 patients had XY genotype-19 had female gender assignment at birth. All patients with XX genotype had female gender assignment. Conclusions: Osteotomy improves success of initial bladder closure. A bladder neck procedure, catheterizable channel, and augmentation cystoplasty will be required in the majority of patients to attain urinary dryness.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)353-358
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of pediatric urology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2013


  • Augmentation cystoplasty
  • Cloacal exstrophy
  • OEIS complex
  • Osteotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Urology


Dive into the research topics of 'Urological outcomes in the omphalocele exstrophy imperforate anus spinal defects (OEIS) complex: Experience with 80 patients'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this