Upper and Lower Tract Urothelial Imaging Using Computed Tomography Urography

Siva P. Raman, Elliot K. Fishman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations


Computed tomography (CT) urography is the best noninvasive method of evaluating the upper urinary tract for urothelial malignancies. However, the utility of CT urography is heavily contingent on the use of proper image acquisition protocols. This article focuses on the appropriate protocols for optimizing CT urography acquisitions, including contrast administration and the timing of imaging acquisitions, as well as the use of ancillary techniques to increase collecting system distention. In addition, imaging findings are discussed that should raise concern for urothelial carcinoma at each of the 3 segments of the urinary tract: the intrarenal collecting systems, ureters, and bladder.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)389-405
Number of pages17
JournalUrologic Clinics of North America
Issue number3
StatePublished - Aug 2018


  • Bladder
  • Computed tomography (CT)
  • Kidney
  • Single-bolus
  • Split-bolus
  • Transitional cell carcinoma
  • Ureter

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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