We propose a fully automatic cardiac motion estimation technique that uses nonrigid registration between temporally adjacent images to compute the myocardial displacement field from tagged MR sequences using as inputs (sources) both horizontally and vertically tagged images. We present a new multisource nonrigid registration algorithm employing a semilocal deformation model that provides controlled smoothness. The method requires no segmentation. We apply a multiresolution optimization strategy for better speed and robustness. The accuracy of the algorithm is assessed on experimental data (animal model) and healthy volunteer data by calculating the root mean square (RMS) difference in position between the estimated tag trajectories and manual tracings outlined by an expert. For the ∼20000 tag lines analyzed (45 slices over 20-40 time frames), the RMS difference between the automatic tag trajectories and the manually segmented tag trajectories was 0.51 pixels (0.25 mm) for the animal data and 0.49 pixels (0.49 mm) for the human volunteer data. The RMS difference in the separation between adjacent tag lines (RMS_TS) was also assessed, resulting in an RMS_TS of 0.40 pixels (0.19 mm) in the experimental data and 0.52 pixels (0.56 mm) in the volunteer data. These results confirm the subpixel accuracy achieved using the proposed methodology.
- Motion tracking
- Myocardial motion
- Nonrigid registration
- Tagged MRI
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
- Radiological and Ultrasound Technology