Understanding global HIV stigma and discrimination: Are contextual factors suffciently studied? (Gapresearch)

Bach Xuan Tran, Hai Thanh Phan, Carl A. Latkin, Huong Lan Thi Nguyen, Chi Linh Hoang, Cyrus S.H. Ho, Roger C.M. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Stigma and discrimination are among the greatest challenges that people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) face, and both are known to negatively affect quality of life as well as treatment outcomes. We analyzed the growing research and current understanding of HIV-related stigma and contextual factors in HIV/AIDS (human Immunodeficiency virus/ acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) bibliography. A total of 5984 publications published from 1991 to 2017 were retrieved from the Web of Science database. The number of papers and their impacts have been considerably grown in recent years. Research landscapes related to stigma and discrimination include clinical, physical and mental health outcomes, risk behaviors of most-at-risk populations, and HIV-related services. We found a lack of empirical studies not only on social, cultural and economic contexts, but also on specific interventions for particular settings and sub-populations. This study highlights certain gaps and provides a basis for future studies and interventions on this critical issue given the changing drivers of HIV epidemics.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1899
JournalInternational journal of environmental research and public health
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019


  • Contextual factors
  • Discrimination
  • HIV
  • Scientometrics
  • Stigma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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