Two-stage strategy for patients with extensive bilateral colorectal liver metastases

Susan Tsai, Hugo P. Marques, Mechteld C. De Jong, Paulo Mira, Vasco Ribeiro, Michael A. Choti, Richard D. Schulick, Eduardo Barroso, Timothy M. Pawlik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

72 Scopus citations


Background: Two-stage hepatectomy has been proposed for patients with bilateral colorectal liver metastases. The present study assesses the feasibility and outcome of two-stage hepatectomy for the treatment of colorectal liver metastases. Methods: From January 1994 to December 2008, 720 patients underwent liver resections at two institutions for colorectal liver metastases. The feasibility and outcomes of two-staged hepatectomies were evaluated. Results: Forty-five patients were eligible for the two-stage approach and both stages were completed in 35 patients (78%). Reasons for failure included disease progression (n = 7), poor performance status (n = 1) and death after the first stage (n = 2). Patients who completed both stages had significantly fewer lesions than patients who failed to complete the second stage (5 vs. 8; P = 0.02). No differences between the two groups were observed with regard to lesion size, receipt of radiofrequency ablation (RFA) or presence of extrahepatic disease. Post-operative morbidity (24% vs. 26%; P = 0.9) and mortality (4% vs. 5%; P = 0.8) was similar between the first and second stages. Median overall survival was 16 months. Three-year survival was significantly worse for patients failing to complete both stages (18%) compared with patients completing both stages (58%) (P<0.001). Similar survival rates were observed between patients who completed two-stage vs. patients treated with a planned single-stage hepatectomy (58% vs. 53%; P = 0.34). Conclusion: The two-stage strategy for colorectal liver metastases can be performed with acceptable morbidity and mortality. The second stage will not be feasible in 20-25% of patients. Patients who are able to complete the two-stage approach, however, may have long-term survival comparable to patients treated with a planned single-stage hepatectomy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-269
Number of pages8
Issue number4
StatePublished - May 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Colorectal
  • Liver metastases
  • Outcome
  • Resection
  • Two-stage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology


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