Two rapid pigmentation tests for identification of Cryptococcus neoformans

C. S. Kaufmann, W. G. Merz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Two tests were developed for the rapid identification of Cryptococcus neoformans based on pigment produced by the organism's phenoloxidase activity. Caffeic acid was incorporated into cornmeal agar, a medium used routinely for yeast identification. When tested on this medium, only C. neoformans isolates produced brown pigment. All other yeasts maintained their normal morphology and did not produce the reaction product. A non-medium-based test was developed for same-day identification of C. neoformans isolates. Paper strips saturated with a buffered L-β-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine-ferric citrate solution were inoculated with isolates and incubated at 37° C. Pigment production occurred only with C. neoformans isolates, many within 60 to 90 min. All other yeasts remained negative.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)339-341
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of clinical microbiology
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1982
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)


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