Two craniosynostotic patients with 11q deletions, and review of 48 cases

A. F. Lewanda, S. Morsey, C. S. Reid, E. W. Jabs

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44 Scopus citations


Many chromosomal abnormalities have craniofacial manifestations. One such abnormality, partial monosomy of chromosome 11q, is associated with metopic synostosis and resultant trigonocephaly. We reviewed 48 published cases of 11q deletions and translocations. Eighty percent were associated with abnormal head shape. Also commonly found were hypertelorism, ptosis of the eyelids, wide or low nasal bridge, apparently low-set malformed ears, down- turned mouth, micro/retrognathia, digital and cardiac anomalies, and psychomotor retardation. We report on two patients referred for abnormal head shape. The first case had brachycephaly, flat occiput, hypertelorism, and maxillary hypoplasia. Karyotype was 46,XY, del(11)(q24.1→qter). The second patient had trigonocephaly, hypotelorism, posteriorly angulated ears, horizontal crease below his lower lip, syndactyly, shawl scrotum, cryptorchidism, and inguinal hernias. Karyotype showed partial trisomy of chromosome 4q as well as partial monosomy of 11q [46,XY,11,+der(11)t(4;11) (q31.3;q25)], a combination not previously reported. Deletions of 11q appear to produce a wide spectrum of abnormalities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)193-198
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Medical Genetics
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1995


  • chromosome 11q deletion
  • craniosynostosis
  • translocations and rings
  • trigonocephaly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics(clinical)


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