Turner syndrome patients with a ring X chromosome

Gary Berkovitz, Judith Stamberg, Leslie P. Plotnick, Roberto Lanes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


A patient with clinical features of Turner syndrome and a 45, X karyotype in repeated blood cultures was re‐evaluated when she spontaneously entered puberty. A ring X cell line was found in a small proportion of fibroblasts. A review of 35 previously published ring X cases is presented. All are mosaic, the major cell line in most cases being 45, X. There is wide variation in the frequency with which the abnormalities associated with Turner syndrome are found in these patients. All have short stature. Some are sexually developed and fertile. Cardiovascular anomalies are uncommon. This phenotypic variation may have at least two causes: the size of the deleted portion at each end of the X chromosome, and the relative frequency and distribution of 45, X and 46, X, r(X) cell lines in various body tissues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)447-453
Number of pages7
JournalClinical Genetics
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1983


  • Mosaicism
  • Turner syndrome
  • ring X chromosome
  • short stature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)


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