Introduction: Cardiac troponin I and T (cTnI and cTnT) are specific biochemical serum markers for acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, cTnI diagnostic assays are plagued by difficulties, resulting in >20-fold differences in measured values. These discrepancies may result from the release of the numerous cTnI modification products that are present in ischaemic myocardium. The resolution of these discrepancies requires an investigation of the exact forms of the troponins present in the bloodstream of patients after myocardial injury. Material and methods: A Westernblot direct serum analysis protocol was developed that allowed us to detect intact cTnI and a spectrum of up to 11 modified products in the serum from patients with AMI. Results: We document both a cTnI degradation pattern and the existence of phosphorylated cTnI in serum. The number and extent of these modifications reflect patterns similar to the time profiles of the routine clinical serum markers of total creatine kinase, creatine kinase-MB, and cTnI (determined by ELISA). Data from in vitro experiments, which were undertaken to study the degradation of human recombinant cTnI and cTnT when spiked in serum, indicate that some modification products present in patient serum existed in the myocardium. Discussion: This pilot study defines, for the first time, what forms of cTnI and cTnT appear in the bloodstream of AMI patients, and it clarifies the lack of standardization between different cTnI diagnostic assays.
|Translated title of the contribution||Troponin I and T modification detected in serum from patients with acute myocardial infarction|
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Ugeskrift for laeger|
|State||Published - Jan 6 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas