|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Journal of the American College of Cardiology|
|State||Published - Apr 19 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Access to Document
Other files and links
In: Journal of the American College of Cardiology, Vol. 79, No. 15, 19.04.2022, p. 1544-1546.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Letter › peer-review
TY - JOUR
T1 - Trends in National Institutes of Health R01 Funding of Principal Investigators in Cardiology by Gender
AU - Shahid, Izza
AU - Khan, Muhammad Shahzeb
AU - Siddiqi, Tariq Jamal
AU - Arshad, Muhammad Sameer
AU - Saleem, Arisha
AU - Van Spall, Harriette G.C.
AU - Reza, Nosheen
AU - Greene, Stephen J.
AU - Michos, Erin D.
N1 - Funding Information: The NIH RePORTER (Research Portfolio Online Reporting Tools Expenditure) was searched using cardiovascular-related search and MeSH terms to obtain information regarding funding amount, principal investigator (PI), co-PIs, and institution name for R01 grants in cardiovascular research from 2011 to 2020. The gender of each PI was categorized using Genderize. In an instance where probability threshold for gender assignment was <95%, personal pronouns on institutional profiles were used. Consumer Price Index was used to adjust funding amount to 2020 equivalent U.S. dollars. The number of citations, publications, H-index, and seniority were obtained from Scopus and Web of Science in January 2021. Seniority was defined as years from first publication to the time of grant award. The membership roster of the American College of Cardiology was used to identify applicants who were cardiologists. Linear regression was conducted to analyze trends in funding. Multiple linear regression was used to determine the relationship between funding amount and gender after adjusting for the number of publications, citations, degrees, institution, H-index, and seniority. A P value <0.05 was considered significant. Funding Information: Traditionally, women are under-represented in leadership positions in cardiology and are less likely than men to receive grants in academic medicine. 1 Despite major recent advancements in cardiovascular research, trends in research funding for cardiovascular research are unknown. Therefore, we assessed National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding trends in the allocation of R01 grants for cardiovascular research stratified by gender. Funding Information: Dr Van Spall has received research support from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada (modest). Dr Reza is supported by the National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences of the National Institutes of Health under award number KL2TR001879 (modest). Dr Greene has received research support from the Duke University Department of Medicine Chair's Research Award, American Heart Association, Amgen, AstraZeneca, Bristol Myers Squibb, Cytokinetics, Merck, Novartis, Pfizer, and Sanofi; has served on advisory boards for Amgen, AstraZeneca, Bristol Myers Squibb, Cytokinetics, and Sanofi; and serves as a consultant for Amgen, Bayer, Bristol Myers Squibb, Merck, Sanofi, and Vifor. Dr Michos has received research support from the Amato Fund for Women's Cardiovascular Health at Johns Hopkins University; and has served on advisory boards for AstraZeneca, Bayer, Boehringer Ingelheim, Novartis, Novo Nordisk, Amarin, and Esperion. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institutes of Health. All other authors have reported that they have no relationships relevant to the contents of this paper to disclose.
PY - 2022/4/19
Y1 - 2022/4/19
UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85127308303&partnerID=8YFLogxK
UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85127308303&partnerID=8YFLogxK
U2 - 10.1016/j.jacc.2022.02.014
DO - 10.1016/j.jacc.2022.02.014
M3 - Letter
C2 - 35422251
AN - SCOPUS:85127308303
SN - 0735-1097
VL - 79
SP - 1544
EP - 1546
JO - Journal of the American College of Cardiology
JF - Journal of the American College of Cardiology
IS - 15