The growth of a poorly immunogenic methylcholanthrene (MCA)-induced murine (m) sarcoma genetically engineered to secrete human (h) TNF-alpha (MCA-102-hTNF) was studied. MCA-102-hTNF tumor cells were implanted in animals bearing three- or 7-day pulmonary metastases established with the parental line MCA-102-WT (wild type). This model approximates the clinical situation in which patients with metastatic cancer would be vaccinated with autologous tumor genetically modified to stimulate the host immune response. Reduction in the number of pulmonary metastases was occasionally seen but was not consistently reproducible. Other cytokine-producing tumors had either no effect on distant pulmonary metastases (mIL-4, IFN-gamma) or a mild, inconclusive effect similar to hTNF-alpha (mTNF-alpha). Significant growth inhibition of MCA-102-hTNF was noted in animals bearing pulmonary metastases. This inhibition was: 1) tumor specific (regression occurred only in animals bearing pulmonary metastases from the same parental line), 2) TNF specific (it was inhibited by in vivo administration of anti hTNF mAbs), 3) dependent on cellular immunity (immune-depletion with anti-CD4 or CD8 mAbs permitted growth). Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TIL) could not be grown from MCA-102-WT or MCA-102-hTNF tumors nor from MCA-102-WT subcutaneous implants in mice bearing MCA-102-WT pulmonary metastases. However, TIL could be grown from hTNF-secreting tumors implanted in mice bearing MCA-102-WT metastases. These TIL were therapeutic against established lung metastases from the parental tumor in adoptive immunotherapy models. These studies suggest a strategy for using gene modified tumors for the therapy of established cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Apr 1 1994|
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