Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is the leading cause of chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma worldwide. Approximately 350 million individuals are infected with HBV and >500,000 deaths per year can be attributed to HBV. Although universal vaccination has reduced HBV incidence in many countries, it still remains a major public health problem, especially in parts of Asia and Africa. Improved understanding of HBV virology and virus-host interactions has revolutionized chronic hepatitis B therapy in the past two decades. Development of oral nucleoside/nucleotide analogues heralds a new era of safe and effective treatment of this disease. On the basis of these advances, new guidelines for the treatment of chronic hepatitis B have been issued. Successful long-term treatment of chronic hepatitis B may rest on combination therapy that is based on molecular approaches targeting various stages of the HBV life-cycle. In this review, we summarize the current modalities and highlight important issues in the treatment of chronic hepatitis B monoinfection.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Issue number||SUPPL. 3|
|State||Published - 2007|
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