Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder among children and adolescents with reported prevalence rates of between 3 and 10 %. Recent reports suggest that a multimodal treatment approach is preferable to address many symptoms of ADHD and its associated problems for the children, the family, and the school. Stimulant medications remain the mainstay of treatment and are highly effective in more than 75% of patients. Improvement in the core symptoms of inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity are most noticeable. Recently approved extended release preparation of methylphenidate will allow once a day dosing. Reports of effectiveness of some non-stimulant medications such as bupropion, especially for adolescents, appear promising. A number of behavioral and psychosocial interventions can be used effectively as part of multimodal approach to address many ADHD-related problems. This article provides an update on practical information on the treatment of children and adolescents with ADHD who do not have other associated psychiatric disorders.
- Psychosocial interventions
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health