Treatment and management of scleral disorders

J. Daniel Diaz, Ethan K. Sobol, David C. Gritz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


Scleral inflammatory disorders, with their extensive differential diagnoses and sometimes as controversial treatment options, pose both diagnostic and clinical challenges for physicians. Targeted laboratory investigations derived from careful history taking and physical examination are crucial in the early identification of patients with associated systemic conditions. Prompt discrimination between episcleritis and scleritis is of therapeutic importance, as management, prognosis, and complications differ for these diseases. Although immunomodulatory and new biologic agents have improved the management of scleritis, continued studies are warranted to establish effective treatment guidelines across patient populations, especially in refractory cases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)702-717
Number of pages16
JournalSurvey of ophthalmology
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • episcleritis
  • management
  • sclera
  • scleritis
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


Dive into the research topics of 'Treatment and management of scleral disorders'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this