Traumatized youth and substance abuse treatment outcomes: A longitudinal study

Julie K. Williams, Douglas C. Smith, Nathan Gotman, Bushra Sabri, Hyonggin An, James A. Hall

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


This longitudinal study examined whether youth with high traumatic stress (HTS) respond differently to outpatient substance abuse treatment compared to youth without HTS at intake, and at 3 and 6 months following intake. Data were analyzed using a mixed-effects two-part model to fit repeated data with zero saturation. Clients in both groups significantly increased their odds of abstinence and full symptom remission of substance problems from baseline to 6 months. Of youth still using substances, the group with HTS reduced substance use significantly more than substance users without HTS. Recommendations for future research are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100-108
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of traumatic stress
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2008
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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