Transcriptomic analysis reveals the role of a peptide derived from CRYAB on the CoCl2-induced hypoxic HL-1 cardiomyocytes

Xiaoshan Hu, Heng Liu, Mengmeng Li, Jingai Zhu, Zhangbin Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is a life-threatening disease that often results in heart failure. CRYAB, a small heat shock protein, has been shown to have cardioprotective effects against oxidative stress-induced apoptosis in AMI. Previously, we purified a peptide derived from CRYAB (LEDQFFGEH), which we named PDFC. In this study, we determined the function of PDFC on HL-1 cardiomyocytes and explored the mechanism underlying its function. A hypoxic myocardiocyte cell line was generated by stimulation of HL-1 mouse cardiac muscle cells with different concentrations of CoCl2. Then, the hypoxic HL-1 cells were treated with the synthetic PDFC peptide, and cell proliferation, migration, and apoptosis were assessed to examine the effects of PDFC on HL-1 and hypoxic HL-1 cells. To examine the mechanism underlying the effects of PDFC on hypoxic cells, PDFC-treated hypoxic HL-1 cells were submitted for deep RNA sequencing. Finally, several differentially expressed genes in different pathways were selected for confirmation by RT-qPCR. Hypoxic myocardiocytes were generated by stimulating HL-1 cells with 800 µM CoCl2 for 24 h, which significantly upregulated HIF-1α. PDFC at 200 µg/ml showed the most positive effects on cell viability. Although hypoxic HL-1 cells and PDFC-treated hypoxic HL-1 cells both showed lower viability and migration and higher levels of apoptosis than untreated HL-1 cells, compared to hypoxic HL-1 cells, PDFC-treated hypoxic HL-1 cells showed higher viability and migration and lower apoptosis. The deep sequencing showed that 812 genes were upregulated and 1946 genes were downregulated. Among these differentially expressed genes, 699 of the upregulated genes and 1488 of the downregulated genes were protein-coding genes. Gene ontology and pathway enrichment analysis showed that the downregulated genes were dominant and that the PI3K-Akt pathway was located in the center of the network. A protein–protein interaction network was constructed, and 892 nodes were determined. In PDFC-treated hypoxic HL-1 cells, Fn1, Pik3r5, and Creb5 were downregulated, while Insr, Bcl2, Mapk14, and Pten were upregulated when compared to the levels in hypoxic HL-1 cells. In conclusion, this study reveals the significant bioactive effect of the CRYAB-derived peptide, PDFC on cardiomyocytes and the underlying mechanism.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)265-276
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute myocardial infarction
  • Bioinformatics analysis
  • Cardiomyocyte anti-apoptosis
  • PI3K-akt signaling pathway
  • Peptide derived from CRYAB

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hematology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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