Background The clinical management of patients with metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma of the liver is complicated by the paucity of reliable clinical data. This study evaluated the safety profile, survival outcome as well as the role of imaging biomarkers of tumor response in metastatic soft-tissue sarcoma (mSTS) of the liver treated with conventional transarterial chemoembolization (cTACE). Materials/methods This retrospective analysis included 30 patients with mSTS of the liver treated with cTACE. The safety profile, overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) after the procedure were evaluated. Tumor response in each patient was assessed using RECIST, modified (m) RECIST and EASL guidelines. In addition, a 3D quantification of the enhancing tumor volume (quantitative [q] EASL) was performed. For each method, patients were classified as responders (R) and non-responders (NR), and evaluated using Kaplan-Meier and multivariate Cox proportional hazard ratio (HR) analysis. Results No Grade III or IV toxicities were reported in a total of 77 procedures (mean, 2.6/patient). Median OS was 21.2 months (95% CI, 13.4-28.9) and PFS was 6.3 months (95% CI, 4.4-8.2). The enhancement-based techniques identified 11 (44%), 12 (48%) and 12 (48%) patients as R according to EASL, mRECIST and qEASL, respectively. No stratification was achieved with RECIST. Multivariate analysis identified tumor response according to mRECIST and qEASL as reliable predictors of improved patient survival (P = 0.019; HR 0.3 [0.1-0.8] and P = 0.006; HR 0.2 [0.1-0.6], respectively). Conclusion This study confirmed the role of cTACE as a safe salvage therapy option in patients with mSTS of the liver. The demonstrated advantages of enhancement-based tumor response assessment techniques over size-based criteria validate mRECIST and qEASL as preferable methods after intraarterial therapy.
- Liver cancer
- Transarterial chemoembolization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging