Trading Symmetry for Energy Cost During Walking in Healthy Adults and Persons Poststroke

Ryan T. Roemmich, Kristan A. Leech, Anthony J. Gonzalez, Amy J. Bastian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background. Humans typically walk in ways that minimize energy cost. Recent work has found that healthy adults will even adopt new ways of walking when a new pattern costs less energy. This suggests potential for rehabilitation to drive changes in walking by altering the energy costs of walking patterns so that the desired pattern becomes energetically optimal (ie, costs least energy of all available patterns). Objective. We aimed to change gait symmetry in healthy adults and persons poststroke by creating environments where changing symmetry allowed the participants to save energy. Methods. Across 3 experiments, we tested healthy adults (n = 12 in experiment 1, n = 20 in experiment 2) and persons poststroke (n = 7 in experiment 3) in a novel treadmill environment that linked asymmetric stepping and gait speed—2 factors that influence energy cost—to create situations where walking with one’s preferred gait symmetry (or asymmetry, in the case of the persons poststroke) was no longer the least energetically costly way to walk. Results. Across the 3 experiments, we found that most participants changed their gait when experiencing the new energy landscape. Healthy adults often adopted an asymmetric gait if it saved energy, and persons poststroke often began to step more symmetrically than they prefer to walk in daily life. Conclusions. We used a novel treadmill environment to show that people with and without stroke change clinically relevant features of walking to save energy. These findings suggest that rehabilitation approaches aimed at making symmetric walking energetically “easier” may promote gait symmetry after stroke.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)602-613
Number of pages12
JournalNeurorehabilitation and neural repair
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2019


  • cost
  • feedback
  • gait
  • locomotion
  • rehabilitation
  • stroke

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Rehabilitation
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology


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