Toward a Scalable and Sustainable Intervention for Complementary Food Safety

Musarrat J. Rahman, Fosiul A. Nizame, Mohammad Nuruzzaman, Farhana Akand, Mohammad Aminul Islam, Sarker Masud Parvez, Christine P. Stewart, Leanne Unicomb, Stephen P. Luby, Peter J. Winch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations


Background: Contaminated complementary foods are associated with diarrhea and malnutrition among children aged 6 to 24 months. However, existing complementary food safety intervention models are likely not scalable and sustainable. Objective: To understand current behaviors, motivations for these behaviors, and the potential barriers to behavior change and to identify one or two simple actions that can address one or few food contamination pathways and have potential to be sustainably delivered to a larger population. Methods: Data were collected from 2 rural sites in Bangladesh through semistructured observations (12), video observations (12), in-depth interviews (18), and focus group discussions (3). Results: Although mothers report preparing dedicated foods for children, observations show that these are not separate from family foods. Children are regularly fed store-bought foods that are perceived to be bad for children. Mothers explained that long storage durations, summer temperatures, flies, animals, uncovered food, and unclean utensils are threats to food safety. Covering foods, storing foods on elevated surfaces, and reheating foods before consumption are methods believed to keep food safe. Locally made cabinet-like hardware is perceived to be acceptable solution to address reported food safety threats. Conclusion: Conventional approaches that include teaching food safety and highlighting benefits such as reduced contamination may be a disincentive for rural mothers who need solutions for their physical environment. We propose extending existing beneficial behaviors by addressing local preferences of taste and convenience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)186-201
Number of pages16
JournalFood and nutrition bulletin
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2016


  • Bangladesh
  • complementary feeding
  • feeding behaviors
  • food contamination
  • weaning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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