Timely stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) for spine metastases using a rapidly deployable automated planning algorithm

Omar Y. Mian, Owen Thomas, Joy J.Y. Lee, Yi Le, Todd McNutt, Michael Lim, Daniele Rigamonti, Jean Paul Wolinsky, Daniel M. Sciubba, Ziya L. Gokaslan, Kristin Redmond, Lawrence Kleinberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose/objectives: The complex planning and quality assurance required for spine SBRT are a barrier to implementation in time-sensitive or limited resource clinical situations. We developed and validated an automated inverse planning algorithm designed to streamline planning and allow rapid delivery of conformal single fraction spine SBRT using widely available technology. Materials/methods: The Rapid Spine (RaSp) automated script successfully generated single fraction SBRT plans for fourteen complex spinal lesions previously treated at a single high-volume institution. Automated RaSp plans were limited to 5 beams with a total of 15 segments (allowing calculation-based verification) and optimized based on RTOG 0631 objectives. Standard single fraction (16 Gy) stereotactic IMRT plans were generated for the same set of complex spinal lesions and used for comparison. A conservative 2 mm posterior isocenter shift was used to simulate minor set-up error. Results: Automated plans were generated in under 5 min from target definition and had a mean dose to the PTV of 1663 cGy (SD 131.5), a dose to 90 % of PTV (D90) of 1358 cGy (SD 111.0), and a maximum point dose (Dmax) to the PTV of 2055 cGy (SD 195.2) on average. IMRT plans took longer to generate but yielded more favorable dose escalation with a mean dose to the PTV of 1891 cGy (SD 117.6), D90 of 1731 cGy (SD 126.5), and Dmax of 2218 cGy (SD 195.7). A 2 mm posterior shift resulted in a 20 % (SD 10.5 %) increase in cord dose for IMRT plans and a 10 % (SD 5.3 %) increase for RaSp plans. The 2 mm perturbation caused 3 cord dose violations for the IMRT plans and 1 violation for corresponding RaSp plans. Conclusion: The Rapid Spine plan method yields timely and dosimetrically reasonable SBRT plans which meet RTOG 0631 objectives and are suitable for rapid yet robust pretreatment quality assurance followed by expedited treatment delivery. RaSp plans reduce the tradeoff between rapid treatment and optimal dosimetry in urgent cases and limited resource situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1337
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 1 2016


  • Automated planning
  • Radiation therapy
  • SBRT
  • Spinal lesions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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