Time delay effect in a microchip pulse laser for the nonlinear photoacoustic signal enhancement

Enbo Xing, Yu Hang Liu, Jiamin Rong, Wenyao Liu, Jun Tang, Jun Liu, Nitish Thakor, Minghui Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The Grüneisen relaxation effect has been successfully employed to improve the photoacoustic (PA) imaging contrast. However, complex system design and cost hinder the progress from benchside to bedside, since an additional pre-heating laser source needs to be coupled into the original light path and synchronized with other equipment for conducting the nonlinear effect. To overcome the limitation, we propose a time delay heating PA imaging (TDH-PAI) method based on the time delay effect in a passively Q-switched laser. Experimentally, only one single microchip pulse laser is built and utilized for the nonlinear PA signal enhancement without additional components. The 808 nm pump pulse of the laser diode and the excited 1064 nm pulse are respectively used for pre-heating and acquiring PA signals. The heating effect is optimized by adjusting the input parameters and an enhancement of more than 30% in PA signals is achieved. TDH-PAI reduces the cost and complexity of the nonlinear PA system, which provides an efficient way for achieving a high-contrast PA imaging.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)23154-23163
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Issue number16
StatePublished - Aug 3 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics


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