Thyroid hormone therapy for hypothyroidism

Bernadette Biondi, David S. Cooper

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


The purpose of this article will be to review the basics of thyroid hormone therapy, including various thyroid hormone formulations, the institution and monitoring of thyroid hormone therapy, adverse effects of overtreatment, the management of patients with persistent symptoms despite normal thyroid function tests, and potential new innovations in thyroid hormone therapy. The conclusions support the necessity to personalize thyroid hormone replacement therapy in hypothyroid patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-26
Number of pages9
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 1 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology


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