Background - Innervation is a critical component of arrhythmogenesis and may present an important trigger/substrate modifier not used in current ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation strategies. Methods and Results - Fifteen patients referred for ischemic VT ablation underwent preprocedural cardiac 123I- meta-iodobenzylguanidine (123I-mIBG) imaging, which was used to create 3-dimensional (3D) innervation models and registered to high-density voltage maps. 3D 123I-mIBG innervation maps demonstrated areas of complete denervation and 123I-mIBG transition zone in all patients, which corresponded to 0% to 31% and 32% to 52% uptake. 123I-mIBG denervated areas were ≈2.5-fold larger than bipolar voltage-defined scar (median, 24.6% [Q1-Q3, 18.3%-34.4%] versus 10.6% [Q1-Q3, 3.9%-16.4%]; P<0.001) and included the inferior wall in all patients, with no difference in the transition/border zone (11.4% [Q1-Q3, 9.5%-13.2%] versus 16.6% [Q1-Q3, 12.0%-18.8%]; P=0.07). Bipolar/unipolar voltages varied widely within areas of denervation (0.8 mV [Q1-Q3, 0.3-1.7 mV] and 4.0 mV [Q1-Q3, 2.9-5.6 mV]) and 123I-mIBG transition zones (0.8 mV [Q1-Q3, 0.4-1.8 mV] and 4.6 mV [Q1-Q3, 3.2-6.3 mV]). Bipolar voltages in denervated areas and 123I-mIBG transition zones were <0.5 mV, 0.5 to 1.5 mV, and >1.5 mV in 35%, 36%, and 29%, as well as 35%, 35%, and 30%, respectively (P>0.05). Successful ablation sites were within bipolar voltage-defined scar (7%), border zone (57%), and areas of normal voltage (36%), but all ablation sites were abnormally innervated (denervation/123I-mIBG transition zone in 50% each). Conclusions - 123I-mIBG innervation defects are larger than bipolar voltage-defined scar and cannot be detected with standard voltage criteria. Thirty-six percent of successful VT ablation sites demonstrated normal voltages (>1.5 mV), but all ablation sites were within the areas of abnormal innervation. 123I-mIBG innervation maps may provide critical information about triggers/substrate modifiers and could improve understanding of VT substrate and facilitate VT ablation. Clinical Trial Registration - URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique Identifier: NCT01250912.
- cardiac imaging techniques
- tachycardia, ventricular
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)