Voltage-sensitive Na channels from nerve and muscle are blocked by the guanidinium toxins tetrodotoxin (TTX) and saxitoxin (STX). Mutagenesis studies of brain RII channels have shown that glutamate 387 (E387) is essential for current block by these toxins. We demonstrate here that mutation of glutamate 403 (E403) of the adult skeletal muscle μI channel (corresponding to E387 of RII) also prevents current blockade by TTX and STX, and by neo-saxitoxin. However, the mutation fails to prevent blockade by the peptide neurotoxins, μ-conotoxin GIIIA and GIIIB; these toxins are thought to bind to the same or overlapping sites with TTX and STX. The E403Q mutation may have utility as a marker for exogenous Na channels in transgenic expression studies, since there are no known native channels with the same pharmacological profile.
- Rat skeletal muscle Na channel
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology