Mouse mast cell protease (mMCP) 7 is a tryptase of unknown function expressed by a subpopulation of mast cells that reside in numerous connective tissue sites. Because enzymatically active mMCP-7 is selectively released into the plasma of V3 mastocytosis mice undergoing passive systemic anaphylaxis, we used this in vivo model system to identify a physiologic substrate of the tryptase. Plasma samples taken from V3 mastocytosis mice that had been sensitized with immunoglobulin (Ig) E and challenged with antigen were found to contain substantial amounts of four 34-55-kDa peptides, all of which were derived from fibrinogen. To confirm the substrate specificity of mMCP-7, a pseudozymogen form of the recombinant tryptase was generated that could be activated after its purification. The resulting recombinant mMCP-7 exhibited potent anticoagulant activity in the presence of normal plasma and selectively cleaved the α-chain of fibrinogen to fragments of similar size as that seen in the plasma of the IgE/antigen-treated V3 mastocytosis mouse. Subsequent analysis of a tryptase-specific, phage display peptide library revealed that recombinant mMCP-7 preferentially cleaves an amino acid sequence that is nearly identical to that in the middle of the α- chain of rat fibrinogen. Because fibrinogen is a physiologic substrate of mMCP-7, this tryptase can regulate clot formation and fibrinogen/integrin- dependent cellular responses during mast cell-mediated inflammatory reactions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Dec 12 1997|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology