The token economy as a research method in alcoholism

Ira A. Liebson, Miriam Cohen, Louis A. Faillace, Robert F. Ward

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations


"Frequently such reinforcers as medical care, custodial services, disability payments, and personal attention are denied the alcoholic in the early stages of his career, and are made contingent on his demonstrating advanced or irreversible physical and psychological deterioration. ... Whether clues toward [strategies for early intervention] may evolve from the laboratory will constitute the ultimate test of the token economy as a research tool in alcoholism."

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)574-581
Number of pages8
JournalThe Psychiatric Quarterly
Issue number4
StatePublished - Dec 1 1971

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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