The timing of complications impacts risk of readmission after hepatopancreatobiliary surgery

Donald J. Lucas, John F. Sweeney, Timothy M. Pawlik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations


Background Readmission is frequent in hepatopancreatobiliary (HPB) surgery. Medicare began penalizing hospitals recently for excess readmission for specific diagnoses, including some operative procedures. We sought to define the incidence and risk factors for readmission after HPB surgery. Study design Elective HPB resections were selected from the 2011 American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) dataset. Risk factors associated with readmission were assessed using modified Poisson univariate and adjusted regression models. Results We identified 5,081 patients; 2,980 underwent pancreatic resection and 2,101 had a hepatectomy. Median age was 62 (interquartile range, 52-70), 53% of patients were women; 74% were non-Hispanic white; and 31% were American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class 2, and 64% were ASA class 3. About 75% of cases had a malignant diagnosis on final pathology. Of all these patients, 16.2% were readmitted within 30 days of operation. The strongest risk factors for readmission on multivariable analysis were minor (risk ratio [RR], 3.13, 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.47-3.97; P

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)945-953
Number of pages9
Issue number5
StatePublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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