In this paper we report on the coordination abilities of the somatostatin analogue towards copper(II) ions. The investigated peptide belongs to the group of peptide hormones having a cyclic structure formed by a disulfide bridge. In the case of somatostatin, the disulfide bride is formed between Cys 1 and Cys 14. The studied analogue is characterized by the replacement of both Cys residues by His residues. Potentiometric and spectroscopic studies allow us to characterize the coordination abilities of the ligand. The studied peptide is much more effective in metal ion binding in comparison with simple peptides with an XaaXaaHis motif. The structure of the complex, obtained using theoretical calculations, allows us to explain the high efficiency in metal ion binding of the investigated peptide. In both investigated complexes the Cu(II) ion is bound by two amide nitrogen atoms, an amino group atom and a nitrogen of a third imidazole ring in a square planar position. The metal ion is located in close proximity to aromatic amino acid residues, which can influence the stability of the considered binding mode.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Inorganic Chemistry
- Materials Chemistry
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry