The slope of the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship compared with the global end-systolic pressure-volume ratio in humans

L. Abboud, A. Battler, S. Rath, S. Sideman, R. Beyar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


The slope of the end-systolic pressure-volume relationship (E(max)), which is generated clinically by load manipulation, as well as the 'absolute' peak systolic pressure end-systolic volume ratio (denoted as pressure-volume ratio), have been suggested as indices defining left ventricular function. This study represents an attempt to determine the relationship between these two indices by studying 20 patients (16 with coronary artery disease and 4 with normal coronary arteries) undergoing cardiac catheterization. Left ventriculography was performed three times in each patient: (1) in the control baseline state, (2) after rapid intravenous infusion of 250-300 cc of saline, and (3) after sublingual administration of 5 mg isosorbide dinitrate. E(max) was approximated by linear regression using the peak left ventricular pressure (replacing end-systolic pressure) and the smallest left ventricular (end-systolic) volume for these three different loads. Acute ischemia with typical chest pain and ECG changes developed in 4 patients during saline loading. The pressure-volume ratio showed no change with load manipulation in patients who did not demonstrate ischemia. In the 4 patients who developed acute ischemia, the pressure-volume ratio dropped from 4.4 ± 1.3 to 2.9 ± 0.9 mmHg/ml (p <0.001). In all of the patients, the pressure-volume ratio, but not the E(max), correlated with the ejection fraction (r = 0.6; p <0.05). In addition, the E(max) line demonstrated a markedly nonphysiological V(o). There was no correlation between E(max) and pressure-volume ratio. Generally, there was a significant disparity between E(max) and the peak systolic pressure-volume ratio, with the latter having the advantage of simplicity, sensitivity to acute ischemia, and a correlation with the well-established EF index.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)19-26
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Cardiology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1990
Externally publishedYes


  • Acute ischemia
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Left ventricle cardiac catheterization
  • Pressure-volume relationship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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