The relationship between work-related and non-work-related injuries

Shan P. Tsai, Edward J. Bernacki, Catherine M. Dowd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


A case-control study of occupational injuries sustained by 914 male hourly workers employed in two Tenneco manufacturing divisions in 1987 was undertaken to examine the association between occupational and non-occupational injuries. Its aim was to evaluate whether employees who experienced a work-related injury were more likely to have sustained a previous non-work-related injury compared to individuals who did not experience a work-related injury. A statistically significant association between occupational injuries and past non-occupational injuries was seen when all workers compensation (WC) claims were analyzed (OR=1.41) and when claims involving indemnity for lost time were analyzed (OR=1.82). In addition, both workers who had occupational low-back injuries and workers who had occupational non-low-back injuries also had significantly higher risks of such injuries from a non-occupational origin (OR=1.91 for low-back injuries and OR=1.44 for non-low-back injuries). The findings suggest that elements other than workplace hazards (such as life-style and physical and psychological factors) may predispose an individual to both occupational and non-occupational injuries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)205-212
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Community Health
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 1991
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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