The Relationship Between Household Microfinance Group Participation and Vaccine Adherence Among Children in Rural Western Kenya

Jessica E. Deyoe, James Akiruga Amisi, Daria Szkwarko, Dan N. Tran, Maya Luetke, Sina Kianersi, Shin H. Lee, Jane Namae, Becky Genberg, Jeremiah Laktabai, Sonak Pastakia, Molly Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Introduction: High childhood vaccine adherence is critical for disease prevention, and poverty is a key barrier to vaccine uptake. Interventions like microfinance programs that aim to lift individuals out of poverty could thus improve vaccine adherence of the children in the household. BIGPIC Family Program in rural Western Kenya provides group-based microfinance services while working to improve access to healthcare and health screenings for the local community. The aim of the present paper is to evaluate the association between household participation in BIGPIC’s microfinance program and vaccine adherence among children in the household. We hypothesize that microfinance group participation will have a positive impact on vaccine adherence among children in the household. Methods: From 2018 to 2019, we surveyed a sample of 300 participants from two rural communities in Western Kenya, some of whom were participants in the BIGPIC Family’s microfinance program. The primary outcome of interest was vaccine adherence of children in the household. Log-binomial models were used to estimate the relationship between microfinance group participation and vaccine adherence, adjusted for key covariates. We also assessed whether the relationship differed by gender of the adult respondent. Results: Microfinance group members were more likely to have all children in their households fully vaccinated [aPR (95% CI): 1.68 (1.20,2.35)] compared to non-microfinance group members. Further, the association was stronger when women were the microfinance members [PR (95% CI): 1.87 (1.27,2.76)] compared to men [PR (95% CI): 1.24 (0.81,1.90)]. Conclusions: Microfinance participation was associated with higher childhood vaccine adherence in rural Western Kenya. Microfinance interventions should be further explored as strategies to improve child health and well-being in low- and middle-income countries.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1725-1734
Number of pages10
JournalMaternal and child health journal
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2021


  • Children
  • Kenya
  • Microfinance
  • Vaccine adherence
  • Vaccine preventable diseases

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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