The rare case of cervical rib fusion to the second rib

Kathryn Hines, Emma Graf, Dianna Liu, Julie A. Freischlag

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This article reports on 3 patients who presented with arterial thoracic outlet syndrome and were found to have a rare clinical entity. All 3 patients presented with a rare cervical rib, which was also found to be fused to the second rib, with no first rib at all. All underwent transaxillary cervical and second rib resections and anterior scalenectomy. After transaxillary thoracic outlet decompression, all completed physical therapy with complete resolution of symptoms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)742.e5-742.e8
JournalAnnals of Vascular Surgery
Issue number3
StatePublished - Apr 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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