The proteome of human retina

Pingbo Zhang, Craig Dufresne, Randi Turner, Sara Ferri, Vidya Venkatraman, Rabia Karani, Gerard A. Lutty, Jennifer E. Van Eyk, Richard D. Semba

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


The retina is a delicate tissue that detects light, converts photochemical energy into neural signals, and transmits the signals to the visual cortex of the brain. A detailed protein inventory of the proteome of the normal human eye may provide a foundation for new investigations into both the physiology of the retina and the pathophysiology of retinal diseases. To provide an inventory, proteins were extracted from five retinas of normal eyes and fractionated using SDS-PAGE. After in-gel digestion, peptides were analyzed in duplicate using LC-MS/MS on an Orbitrap Elite mass spectrometer. A total of 3436 nonredundant proteins were identified in the human retina, including 20 unambiguous protein isoforms, of which eight have not previously been demonstrated to exist at the protein level. The proteins identified in the retina included most of the enzymes involved in the visual cycle and retinoid metabolism. One hundred and fifty-eight proteins that have been associated with age-related macular degeneration were identified in the retina. The MS proteome database of the human retina may serve as a valuable resource for future investigations of retinal biology and disease. All MS data have been deposited in the ProteomeXchange with identifier PXD001242 (

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)836-840
Number of pages5
Issue number4
StatePublished - Feb 1 2015


  • Age-related macular degeneration
  • Biomedicine
  • Eye
  • Human
  • Phototransduction
  • Retina

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology


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