The Potential Influence of AI on Population Mental Health

Catherine K. Ettman, Sandro Galea

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The integration of artificial intelligence (AI) into everyday life has galvanized a global conversation on the possibilities and perils of AI on human health. In particular, there is a growing need to anticipate and address the potential impact of widely accessible, enhanced, and conversational AI on mental health. We propose 3 considerations to frame how AI may influence population mental health: through the advancement of mental health care; by altering social and economic contexts; and through the policies that shape the adoption, use, and potential abuse of AI-enhanced tools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere49936
JournalJMIR Mental Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2023


  • AI
  • artificial intelligence
  • ChatGPT
  • digital mental health
  • generative
  • mental health
  • policies
  • policy
  • population
  • population health
  • tools

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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