The performance of glycated albumin as a biomarker of hyperglycemia and cardiometabolic risk in children and adolescents in the United States

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Diabetes and prediabetes are growing concerns among US youth. Fasting glucose (FG) and HbA1c are standard diabetes screening tests, but HbA1c may be unreliable in some settings and fasting is burdensome in children. Glycated albumin (GA) is a non-fasting test that was recently cleared for clinical use in the United States, but studies in youth without diabetes are limited. Research Design and Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional analysis in 6826 youth without diabetes aged 8–19 years in the 1999–2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. We evaluated the associations of GA with HbA1c, FG, and cardiometabolic risk factors. Results: GA was poorly correlated with HbA1c (ρ = 0.074) and FG (ρ = −0.047) and was negatively associated with body mass index (BMI) and cardiometabolic risk factors. Compared to youth in the highest tertile of GA (≥13.5%), those in the lowest GA tertile (<12.4%) had a higher prevalence of obesity (29.9% vs. 7.6%), low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (29.7% vs. 16.5%), and hypertensive blood pressure (4.0% vs. 2.7%). These inverse associations persisted after adjustment for age, sex, race/ethnicity, serum albumin, and C-reactive protein. Conclusions: GA was poorly correlated with traditional markers of hyperglycemia in youth without diabetes. Counterintuitively, there was a negative association between GA and BMI. Among youth without diabetes, GA does not identify youth at high cardiometabolic risk, and it does not appear to be an appropriate biomarker for screening of hyperglycemia.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-247
Number of pages11
JournalPediatric diabetes
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • adolescents
  • cardiometabolic risk factors
  • diagnostic tests
  • glycated albumin
  • hyperglycemia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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